Communication that takes place via messengers such as WhatsApp, Signal, Threema or Telegram is a basic need for young people. Trivial things are exchanged here, as well as opinions, organizational matters, videos and photos with peers. But it is also used to settle conflicts and test the effect of one’s own person on others. You don’t post on bulletin boards, but in a more or less personal chat with single or multiple people. People seem to communicate privately via Messenger. However, group chats can also be organized and individual users can be blocked. Often the groups are so large that there is no question of privacy. In addition, photos can be saved on other devices and forwarded unnoticed, for example.
Through the social web, there are also other numerous ways to participate in the world and stay in touch with others with little effort, such as Instagram and TikTok. Whereby young people do (and can) distinguish between the more public communication via platforms like Instagram and the more or less private exchange. With the smartphone, this happens at any time in any place and, above all, in very different ways.